- This article will explore the potential benefits of Creatine Monohydrate for mental performance, specifically if it enhances cognitive performance, its use as neuroprotective agent and if it has any effects on alertness.
Creatine supplementation enhances cognitive performance:
- Creatine supplementation was found to enhance cognitive functions in elderly people. This is supported by a study done in 2007 on 32 elderly people. They were divided into a creatine group and a placebo group. They were tested using recall and long-term memory tests. The creatine group was better than the placebo group which supports creatine role in cognitive functions improvement in elderly people.1
- Creatine supplementation helps vegetarians’ memory. Vegetarian do not eat meat products, the major source of creatine, so they can make the best benefit out of creatine supplementation. This is supported by a study done in 2011 on 128 young adult females divided into those who are omnivores or vegetarians and each of them consumed either placebo or creatine. Creatine supplementation resulted in better memory.2
Creatine supplementation as a neuroprotective agent:
- A study was done in 2008 to investigate the role of creatine as a neuroprotective agent after traumatic brain injury (TBI). 39 children and adolescents with TBI administered creatine for 6 months. Creatine supplementation improved post traumatic amnesia, intubation duration, ICU stay, headache, dizziness and fatigue.3
Creatine supplementation and alertness:
- Creatine or caffeine has the same effect on enhancing skill performance. This is shown by a study done in 2011 on elite rugby players. They were divided into 3 groups; the first took creatine, the second took caffeine, and the third took placebo. They did a group of skill tests before and after being sleep deprived. Sleep deprivation resulted in a significant fall in skill performance in the placebo group, while caffeine and creatine supplementation ameliorated the acute effects of sleep deprivation.4
- McMorris T, Mielcarz G, Harris RC, Swain JP, Howard A. PubMed. Bethesda, Maryland: National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2007. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17828627. Accessed May 07, 2016.
- Benton D, Donohoe R. PubMed. Bethesda, Maryland: National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21118604. Accessed May 07, 2016.
- Sakellaris G, Nasis G, Kotsiou M, Tamiolaki M, Charissis G, Evangeliou A. PubMed. Bethesda, Maryland: National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18053002. Accessed May 07, 2016.
- Cook CJ, Crewther BT, Kilduff LP, Drawer S, Gaviglio CM. PubMed. Bethesda, Maryland: National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21324203. Accessed May 07, 2016.